Removal, or deportation proceedings, are court hearings in which an Immigration Judge decides whether a foreign national will be permitted to remain in the United States or is prevented from re-entering the United States after removal/deportation. The hearing is most times preceded by an arrest.
The US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) have discretion as to whether they will begin proceedings to remove a foreign national. Sometimes they will allow the foreign national to voluntarily depart from the United States. However, if the ICE chooses to remove the foreign national, there are several options to prevent removal. Many types of relief are discretionary and require the judge to weigh numerous factors. For this reason, it is of the utmost importance to hire an experienced immigration attorney who will weigh your eligibility for those types of relief and strongly argue on your behalf.
A removal/deportation proceeding may conclude with an Order of Termination, Cancellation of Removal (in various forms), or Removal/Deportation. An appeal of an Order for Removal/Deportation is possible.